This gallery displays Christian Crosses, Market Crosses and Memorial Crosses.
The Christian cross is a religious symbol of Christianity. The Christian crosses shown in this gallery, are most likely to be found in churchyards or near to religious structures. The design of a Christian cross can vary considerably, from a simple Latin cross, to an elaborate Celtic Cross.
The market cross was usually erected as a marker in the market square of most of the market towns in Britain. The market cross was usually constructed from carved stone, but sometimes from wood. The structure would be free-standing in the shape of a spire, obelisk or cross. Today, some of these once busy market towns, have reduced in importance and they are now villages, so the market cross in a village, can be a reminder that a once busy market was held there.
A memorial cross is normally erected to commemorate the life of a loved one, or a famous person.
Caedmon's Cross in the graveyard of St Mary's Church in Whitby, North Yorkshire, England. The cross, which has numerous panels carved from hard sandstone and stands 20 feet high, was erected in 1898 to honour Caedmon, an Anglo-Saxon, who became a poet and also a monk. Finance for the cross, was raised by a public subscription fund which started in 1878. The memorial was designed by C C Hodges and was carved by Robert Beall.
The 13 meter high, Gothic style, Ilam Cross in the village of Ilam, Staffordshire, England. Photographed in October 2011, after completion of the restoration work. The cross was erected in 1841 by Jesse Watts Russell, in memory of his wife Mary.
The Market Cross at Stow-on-the Wold, Gloucestershire, England. The Market Cross was erected in the 15th Century, as a reminder to the medieval traders in the Market Square to trade fairly and honestly. The cross has been restored several times and one of the additions was the cross head, which shows four different sculptured themes.
A tall cross on a tiered pedestal stands in St Mary's Churchyard at Stretton in Staffordshire, England. The cross marks the position of the altar, where the first church of Stretton once stood. In the distance, can be seen the new War Memorial.
The Market Cross at Crich in Derbyshire, England. The present stone cross, designed by Isaac Petts, was a replacement in 1871, for the original wooden market cross. The Market Place has moved from the junction at the top of Bowns Hill, to the bottom.
Situated on the village green and close to the war memorial at Monyash in Derbyshire, England, stands the Village Cross. The base of the cross dates back to circa 1340, when a charter to hold a weekly market was granted to Monyash. A wooden cross is thought to have been attached to the top of the stone shaft.
Image Ref. 21292-RDA
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